1. What causes high blood glucose level?

Many things can be the cause of high blood glucose level, but what we eat plays the biggest and most direct role in elevating blood sugar. When we eat carbohydrates, our body converts those carbohydrates into glucose, and this can play a role in raising blood sugar. Protein, to a certain degree, in high amounts can also raise blood sugar levels. Fat does not raise blood sugar levels. Stress leading to an increase in the hormone cortisol can also raise blood sugar levels.

2. What's the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

‍Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition that results in the body’s inability to produce insulin. People who suffer from Type 1 diabetes must be on insulin in order to keep glucose levels within normal limits.Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which either the body is able to produce insulin but is not able to produce enough or the body does not respond to the insulin that is being produced.

3. How do I know if I have diabetes?

diabetes can be diagnosed in a number of ways. These include a fasting glucose of > or = 126 mg/dL or 7mmol/L, a hemoglobin a1c of 6.5% or greater, or elevated glucose on an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). In addition, a random glucose of >200 is suggestive of diabetes.
However, there are a number of signs and symptoms that suggest diabetes and should make you consider getting a blood test. These include excessive thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, numbness or tingling of extremities, weight gain and fatigue. Other possible symptoms include erectile dysfunction in men and irregular periods in women.

4. How often do you need to test my blood glucose?

The frequency at which you should test your blood will be dependent upon the treatment regimen you are on as well as individual circumstances. The 2015 NICE guidelines recommend that people with type 1 diabetes test their blood glucose at least 4 times per day, including before each meal and before bed.

5. What should normal glucose level look like?

Ask your health care provide what a reasonable blood sugar range is for you, while ACCUGENCE could help you with setting the range with its Range Indicator feature. Your doctor will set target blood sugar test results based on several factors, including:
● Type and severity of diabetes
● Age
● How long you've had diabetes
● Pregnancy status
● The presence of diabetes complications
● Overall health and the presence of other medical conditions
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) generally recommends the following target blood sugar levels:
Between 80 and 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 4.4 to 7.2 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) before meals
Less than 180 mg/dL (10.0 mmol/L) two hours after meals
But the ADA notes that these goals often vary depending on your age and personal health and should be individualized.

6. What Are Ketones?

Ketones are chemicals made in your liver, usually as a metabolic response to being in dietary ketosis. That means you make ketones when you don’t have enough stored glucose (or sugar) to turn into energy. When your body senses that you need an alternative to sugar, it transforms fat into ketones.
Your ketone levels can be anywhere from zero to 3 or higher., and they are measured in millimoles per liter (mmol/L). Below are the general ranges, but just keep in mind that test results can vary, depending on your diet, activity level, and how long you’ve been in ketosis.

7. What is diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)?

Diabetic ketoacidosis (or DKA) is a serious medical condition that can result from very high levels of ketones in the blood. If it is not recognized and treated right away, then it can lead to a coma or even death.
This condition occurs when the body’s cells are unable to use glucose for energy, and the body begins to break down fat for energy instead. Ketones are produced when the body breaks down fat, and very high levels of ketones can make the blood extremely acidic. This is why Ketone testing is relatively important.

8. Ketones and Diet

When it comes down to the right level of nutritional ketosis and ketones in the body, a proper ketogenic diet is key. For most people, that means eating between 20-50 grams of carbs per day. How much of each macronutrient (including carbs) you need to consume will vary, so you need to use a keto calculator or simply consulate with your health care provider to figure out your exact macro needs.

9. What is Uric acid?

Uric Acid is a normal body waste product. It forms when chemicals called purines break down. Purines are a natural substance found in the body. They are also found in many foods such as liver, shellfish, and alcohol.
The high concentration of uric acid in the blood will eventually convert the acid into urate crystals, which can then accumulate around the joints and soft tissues. Deposits of the needle-like urate crystals are responsible for the inflammation and the painful symptoms of gout.